In 1961 Joseph Beuys (1921-1986) was appointed professor at the Düsseldorf Art Academy. It was also his experiences there that ultimately led him to advocate greater independence and an opening up of the entire education system. Therefore, should have been enabled more people to develop their creative potential far from state paternalism. In order to establish a publicity and advertising platform for this goal, he founded the "Free International University for Creativity and Interdisciplinary Research" (FIU) in 1973.


At documenta 6, 1977, in the rotunda of the Museum Fridericianum, the FIU had set up its own room as an open forum for discussions, workshops, lectures and various artistic contributions. Topics were "media and manipulation", "work and unemployment", "nuclear power and alternative forms of energy" and "global social problems". Contributors included scientists, artists, authors and citizens' initiatives from Germany and abroad.


The Achberger Institute for Social Science was with its “5 Achberger Congress” one of the organizers of the FIU at documenta 6 for one week. The institute was founded in 1973 and was part of the "International Cultural Centre Achberg" (INKA) on Lake Constance, which emerged from the anthroposophical movement in the early 1970s. Beuys, who was also greatly influenced by anthroposophy, was a member of the institute's board of trustees.


On the front page of the information brochure - documenta was accidentally written with "k" instead of "c"! - is the title of the event "The controversy about human rights. Are we faced with the need to change the system in East and West?” Later in the brochure, a "third way as an alternative to capitalism and state bureaucratic communism" was named as a central theme of the congress. The initiators of the INKA understood the "third way" as "a humanization of social life in all areas of the state, the economy and culture" and "a social order structure oriented towards people". The program schedule for each day announced different working groups, several hearings by "representatives of civil rights movements", panel discussions, lectures and (optionally) a song recital.

(see also In the documenta archiv #2)


Martin Groh